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  • Adam Gilbertson
  • Barrack Ongil
  • Frederick S. Odongo
  • Denise D. Hallfors
  • Stuart Rennie
  • Daniel Kwaro
  • Winnie K. Luseno
2019
PLoS ONE 14 (11) : e0224548
Full article

Voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) provides significant reductions in the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission. Since 2007, VMMC has been a key component of the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief’s (PEPFAR) strategy to mitigate the HIV epidemic in countries with high HIV prevalence and low circumcision rates. To ensure intended effects, PEPFAR sets ambitious annual circumcision targets and provides funding to implementation partners to deliver local VMMC services. In Kenya to date, 1.9 million males have been circumcised; in 2017, 60% of circumcisions were among 10-14-year-olds. We conducted a qualitative field study to learn more about VMMC program implementation in Kenya.