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The Program and the Ethical, Legal, and Social Implications (ELSI) of human genome research is a branch of the National Center for Human Genome Research (NCHGR) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The NCHGR is responsible, in conjunction with the Office of Health and Environment at the Department of Energy (DOE), for administration and coordination of the U.S. component of the Human Genome Project. The Human Genome Project is an international biomedical research endeavor to develop a guide to human genetic material by mapping the estimated 100,000 human genes to their locations on our chromosomes, and sequencing the order of the bases that make up our DNA The information generated by the Human Genome Project will aid in understanding the chemical basis of many of the more than 4,000 human traits known to be influenced by genes, and catalyze significant advances in molecular medicine. The project is expected to be completed in the year 2005, fifteen years from its start date, October 1, 1990.