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Anti-Aging Medicine and Science

December 20, 2016

An international group of more than 50 biogerontologists—scientists who conduct research on the biology of aging—have launched a war on a burgeoning anti-aging medicine movement.They seek to discredit what they regard as the pseudoscience of practitioners and entrepreneurs that purvey hormone injections,special mineral waters and other services and products purported to combat the effects of … Read more

Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Assisted Reproduction

December 20, 2016

OBJECTIVE: To review the advances in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and revisit the medical, ethical, and legal issues surrounding infertility management in HIV-infected couples. DESIGN: Analytic review. RESULTS(S): HIV infection continues to be a serious public health and reproductive issue. However, present policies which allow for the categorical exclusion of HIV-infected … Read more

Inadvertently Crossing the Germ Line

December 20, 2016

Researchers have announced “the first case of human germline genetic modification resulting in normal healthy children.”* Specifically, the researchers transplanted ooplasm from donor eggs into the eggs of women whose infertility was due to ooplasmic defects. One side effect of those transplants was the transfer of mitochondria, introducing new mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) into the eggs. … Read more

The Ethics of Aggregation and Hormone Replacement Therapy

December 20, 2016

The use of aggregated quality of life estimates in the formation of public policy and practice guidelines raises concerns about the moral relevance of variability in values in preferences for health care. This variability may reflect unique and deeply held beliefs that may be lost when averaged with the preferences of other individuals. Feminist moral … Read more

Maternal-Fetal Surgery

December 20, 2016

When surgery is performed on pregnant women for the sake of the fetus (MFS or maternal fetal surgery). it is often discussed in terms of the fetus alone. This usage exemplifies what philosophers call the fallacy of abstraction: considering a concept as if it were separable from another concept whose meaning is essentially related to … Read more

The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cells

December 20, 2016

The promise and potential of human embryonic stem cell research evoke profound clinical enthusiasm1- 3; the embryonic human origins of such cells warrants an equally profound ethical concern. The ethical issues are not primarily matters of scientific fact nor of political belief. Consequently, these issues cannot adequately be addressed simply by reference to the biology of … Read more

What Community Review Can and Cannot Do (Commentary)

December 20, 2016

The author praises Sharp and Foster’s differentiation of the forms of “community review,” and agrees that the discussion is far from settled. He argues that rather than attempting to define “community” by various criteria, it might be more helpful to both researchers and research subjects to enable persons to create their own communities: a process … Read more

Caught in the Middle Again

December 20, 2016

Genotyping tests for molecular mutations associated with clinical syndromes increasingly allow clinicians to identify health risks before clinical problems occur, sometimes making prevention possible. The clinical use of these tests, however, can create moral problems for families and serious health policy challenges for communities. Those issues, in turn, complicate the professional ethics of genetic testing … Read more